Booker T. Washington was born a slave in Virginia on April 5, 1856. Washington put himself through school, became a teacher and rose in prominence to become one of America's most influential educators. He was a graduate of Hampton Normal Agricultural Institute in Virginia, and in 1881, Washington founded the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama (now known as Tuskegee University). In 1912, Washington and his colleague, William H. Baldwin, Jr., partnered with Julius Rosenwald to create an initiative that would build more than 5,000 new public schools for black children in 15 states in the South.
This guide originally was created for College of Coastal Georgia. Special thanks to CCGA librarians for allowing us to use this material.
Julius Rosenwald was born on August 12, 1862, to Jewish immigrants in Springfield, Ill. He was a businessman and part-owner of Sears, Roebuck and Company in Chicago. Rosenwald also was known for his philanthropy. He served on the board of directors of Tuskegee Institute and provided matching funds to build new state-of-the-art schoolhouses for African-American children in the South.