Let's study a work of art. The bold-faced words are some of the keywords used to talk about art. The italicized questions are examples of things to consider when viewing art.
Portrait of a Cardinal in his Study (c.1519)
Italian portrait painter Lorenzo Costa, c.1459-March 5, 1535
A portrait of a 16th-century cardinal and the 4th-century Biblical scholar, St. Jerome, seen through the window.
Oil and tempera painting on a poplar panel
Renaissance or 16th Century
Portraiture/Humanist or Humanism. Costa was a painter of the School of Ferrara-Bologna. These artists were called Ferrarese.
Image Source: The Minneapolis Institute of Art
On April 26, 2016, The New York Times ran an article about how police officers, medical students and business executives are taking special art courses to learn how to look at art. When you study art, you learn how to look for details and to imagine various narratives for the subjects of the art. Studying art requires the same skills needed by professionals who must be expert observers.